Snakes

Not Venenous snakes

 

1) BOIDAE: (4)

Boa c. constrictor, LINNAEUS 1758, Mantona.
Corallus caninus, LINNAEUS 1758, Esmerald Boa, confused with Loromachaco (Bothriechis {Bothrops} b. smaragdinus) and killed whenever found

Epicrates c. cenchria, LINNAEUS 1758/AMARAL 1929, Rainbow Boa, Boa.
Eunectes m. murinus, LINNAEUS 1758, Anaconda,Yacumama, Boa.

2) COLUBRIDAE: (53)

Atractus elaps, GÜNTHER 1858
Atractus major, BOULENGER 1893
Atractus latifrons, GÜNTHER 1868

Chironius carinatus, LINNAEUS 1758
Chironius fuscus, LINNAEUS 1758
Chironius scurrulus, WAGLER 1824
Chironius monticola, ROZE 1952
Clelia c. clelia, DAUDIN 1803

Dendrophiodon dendrophis, SCHLEGEL 1837
Dipsas catesbyi, SENTZEN 1796, wrongly named Cascabel, thought to be venenous by campesinos.
Dipsas pavonina, SCHLEGEL 1837, wrongly named Cascabel, thought to be venenous by campesinos.
Dipsas indica indica, LAURENTI 1768, LITREC
Dipsas vermiculata, PETERS 1960, LITREC

Dipsas sp.nov.
Drepanoides anomalus
, JAN 1863
Drymobius rhombifer, GÜNTHER 1860
Drymoluber diochrus, PETERS 1863
Erythroplampus aesulapii aesculapii (?), brown with 2 cream dorsolateral stripes, toxic saliva and rear fangs.
Imantodes c.chenchoa, LINNAEUS 1758
Imantodes lentiferus, COPE 1894
Leimadophis (Liophis) reginae, LINNAEUS 1758
Leimadophis spec.1, yellow with black margins on scales, TDF
Leimadophis epinephelus, COPE 1862, green with red transversal bands.
Leimadophis spec. 1, summit CO, grey brown, tail stripe, reginae-group.
Liophis cobella, LINNAEUS 1758
Liophis cobellus dycticus, DIXON 1983, LITREC
Liophis taeniurus, TSCHUDI 1845, LITREC
Liophis typhlus typhlus, LINNAEUS 1758, LITREC

Leptodeira sp.nov, Ghost snake

Leptodeira a. annulata, LINNAEUS 1758
Leptophis ahetulla nigromarginata, GÜNTHER 1866
Leptophis spec.1, green with yellow vertebral stripe (TDF)
Leptophis cupreus, COPE 1886, LITREC
Matigodryas boddaerti boddaerti, SENTZEN 1796, LITREC
Oxibelis aeneus, WAGLER 1824, LITREC
Oxibelis argentus, DAUDIN 1803
Oxibelis fulgidus, DAUDIN 1803
Oxibelis spec.1, Nuevo Celendin, TDF Rio Mayo (Ahorca venado)
Oxyrhopus melanogenys, TSCHUDI 1845
Oxyrhopus petola digitalis, REUSS 1834
Oxyrhopus trigeminus, DUMERIL, BIBRON & DUMERIL 1854, LITREC
Philodryas olfersi, LICHTENSTEIN 1823, confused with Loromachaco Bothriopsis (Bothrops) bilineatus smaragdinus, young feed on Adenomera frogs, Observ. 9.3.95.
Philodryas viridissimus, LINNAEUS 1758, confused with Loromachaco (Bothriopsis bilineatus smaragdinus)
Pseudoboa coronata, SCHNEIDER 1801
Pseudoboa neuwiedii, DUMERIL, BIBRON & DUMERIL 1854
Pseustes s. sulphureus, WAGLER 1824, the largest non venenous colubrid snake in the area (3,50 m), feeds on Ameiva a. petersi and big extremely toxic Bufo marinus.

Pseustes poecilonotus polylepis, PETERS 1867, LITREC not confirmed.
Sibynomorphus vagus, JAN 1863, LITREC, not confirmed.
Siphlophis cervinus, LAURENTI 1768, extremely rare.
Spilotes p. pullatus, LINNAEUS 1758, Faninga
Taeniophallus (Rhadinaea) brevirostris, PETERS 1863
Tantilla m. melanocephala, LINNAEUS 1758
Tripanurgus compressus, DAUDIN 1803
Xenodon severus, LINNAEUS 1758, Yacu-Jergón, Toxic, Analia divided.(See Remarks).
Xenodon rhabdocephalus rhabdocephalus, WIED 1824
Xenodon suspectus, COPE 1868 mentioned from Eastern Peru, not recorded from San Martín until now.

 

Venenous snakes

 

3) ELAPIDAE: (8) Naca-Nacas or Corales

Micrurus (Leptomicrurus) narducci, JAN 1863
Leptomicrurus narducci melanotus, PETERS 1881, LITREC
Leptomicrurus scutiventris, COPE 1869, LITREC
Micrurus a. annelatus, PETERS 1871- black, fine white rings w. some red spots
Micrurus lemniscatus helleri, SCHMIDT & SCHMIDT 1925
Micrurus spixii obscurus, JAN 1872
Micrurus s. surinamensis, CUVIER 1817
Micrurus spec. 1, (pattern similar M. fulvius, TRUTNAU 1982), Tarapoto city
Micrurus spec. 2, Chazuta, Tarapoto Airport
Micrurus spec. 3,
Micrurus spec. 4, young, 2 clear bands between two black spacers.

4) CROTALIDAE: (5)

Bothrops atrox, LINNAEUS 1758, Jergón común.

Bothrops microphtalmus, COPE 1876, Jergon- Shushupe.
Bothrops spec.1, rarest Canopy Species, slender, long head, long fangs.

Bothriechis (Bothrops) bilineatus smaragdinus, WIED 1825, Loromachaco

Bothriechis (Bothrops) castelnaudi, DUMERIL, BIBRON & DUMERIL 1854, green markings, Cascabel

Lachesis muta muta, LINNAEUS 1766, Shushupe.