General outlines

In the past we got Emails from national and international students and scientists who want to do investigations in our rainforests of the Cordillera Oriental or other sites. As Tarapoto is the only city with good infrastructure which has a maximum of ecosystems close like Lowland Forest, Premontane and Montane rainforests, cloud forests, Paramo, and the severely endangered Amazonian Dry Forest, the opportunities for researchers of all branches are nearly unlimited. At least four large conservation areas are close: the new Parque Regional “Cerro Escalera” just behind Tarapoto (120.000 Ha), Cordillera Azul National Park (1.353.191 Ha), Bosque de Protección Alto Mayo and the Parque Nacional Rio Abiseo-Gran Pajatén. We are working together with Ecofunds NL NGO to establish another National Park with 400.000 Ha, increasing the protection of high endemism East Andean slopes forests up to the tree limit. Other interandean ecosystems are half a day away. From Tarapoto to the Kuelap Preinka ruins or Chachapoyas it is one day drive, the Cordillera del Condor we reach in 10 hours for example. 

It is important, that most of the ecosystems around Tarapoto have high amounts of new species of plants and animals with several endemics. Faunal listings in Herpetofauna outnumber other regions of Peru, because we have more ecosystems present with different species sets. Even the Lowland Forest of San Martín, which is an important ancient refuge, has new species or variants of fishes, frogs and snakes- see: New outcomes and discoveries 

At the moment, most new species are coming from the Cordillera Azul and from the lumber Concessions- but the Cordillera Oriental still holds many surprises as mentioned here in the NEW SPECIES- NEW RECORDS subpages.

Important was the establishment of Peru’s first Faunal Management Concession run by ASPRAVEP, a campesino based NGO dedicated to alternative faunal management, founded and trained by Rainer Schulte from INIBICO. The Concession comprises 3862 Ha of Premontane Rainforests of the Alto Cainarachi valley, from 1000 m to the 350 m level, in the center buffer zone of the new Regional Park “Cerro Escalera”. With funds from World Bank’s Development Marketplace Contest in 2002 we could construct a first field station and base at km 34, road from Tarapoto to Yurimaguas, which after finishing will be a campesino training center for sustainable Non Timber Forest Product (NTFP) strategies, LEISA farming and meetings of ASPRAVEP NGO. A small Lab with an outdoor cage will help ASPRAVEP to produce frogs, snakes and orchids and provide food cultures to attend the frog producers. This site is also the base for scientific research activities in the Alto Cainarachi valley and will be equipped for this use in 2004.

The Faunal Management Concession comprises not only frog species production, but a series of sustainable Non Wood Forest Product strategies and includes ecotourism and specialized tourism (bird watching- herps watching). 

Currently are run several investigation projects inside the Concession: one branch is the study of home ranges and egg feeding of the local poison frogs (East Carolina University, team of Kyle Summers). Other projects are the monitoring of Atelopus pulcher populations, which suffer from declines. This project is one branch of the Peruvian Atelopus investigation, monitoring and rescue project sponsored by international and national Institutions. 
General faunal surveys go on also in the Cordillera Oriental and adjacent lowlands which brings new species and new records- some of the new Herps are presented here on our web page. Read more......

As a new specific goal we plan the field investigation by radio tracking of Corallus caninus- the Emerald Boa. This snake is showing strange data in the Concession and must be investigated more and rescued from local extinction by the campesinos. The final goal is to be able to manage this very colorful Tree Boa totally sustainable within the range of the Concession.
Still weak is the species listing of the bird community in the Cordillera Oriental- research on this matter is urgent- as also on the non timber vegetation: the investigators from BIODAMAZ project (University of URKU, Finland) just discovered a new tree fern species in one of our Dendrobatid management lots. Main plant species associations are unknown mostly: Aroids, Musaceae, Maranthaceae and Orchid registering must be improved.
Several RAP expeditions must be done the next years all over San Martin and other sites, where INIBICO is starting projects together with other institutions.
The butterfly investigators from the group of James Mallet, GB, are also investigating Heliconius butterflies in our range- and at least three Ph.D. degrees had been obtained studying the local species during the past years. 

One of the main goals of INIBICO is to compare Dendrobatid frog assemblages with Heliconius butterflies and Apistogramma- Corydoras fish assemblages. First indicators show, that those species are linked to our frog species distribution.
Our local Epipedobatid frog myasis caused by a color fly is currently in study (Mattias Hagman, Sweden) and William E. Duellman (Kansas University) goes on describing frog species from San Martin.
External investigation and species rescue projects are managed in the Cordillera del Condor- South Spur and other sites in Peru. 

Interested persons can ask for details of the programs or can submit investigation proposals. 

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